§121

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Contents

PART 121--OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS

  • Appendix - Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 50-2
  • Appendix - Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 71
  • Appendix - Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 97
  • Appendix - Special Federal Aviation Regulation 106 --Rules for use of portable oxygen concentrator systems on board aircraft

Subpart A--GENERAL

  • §121.1 Applicability.
  • §121.2 Compliance schedule for operators that transition to part 121; certain new entrant operators.
  • §121.4 Applicability of rules to unauthorized operators.
  • §121.7 Definitions.
  • §121.11 Rules applicable to operations in a foreign country.
  • §121.15 Carriage of narcotic drugs, marihuana, and depressant or stimulant drugs or substances.

Subpart B--CERTIFICATION RULES FOR DOMESTIC AND FLAG AIR CARRIERS--[RESERVED]

Subpart C--CERTIFICATION RULES FOR SUPPLEMENTAL AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS--[RESERVED]

Subpart D--RULES GOVERNING ALL CERTIFICATE HOLDERS UNDER THIS PART--[RESERVED]

Subpart E--APPROVAL OF ROUTES: DOMESTIC AND FLAG OPERATIONS

Subpart F--APPROVAL OF AREAS AND ROUTES FOR SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS

Subpart G--MANUAL REQUIREMENTS

Subpart H--AIRCRAFT REQUIREMENTS

  • §121.151 Applicability.
  • §121.153 Aircraft requirements: General.
  • §121.155 [Reserved]
  • §121.157 Aircraft certification and equipment requirements.
  • §121.159 Single-engine airplanes prohibited.
  • §121.161 Airplane limitations: Type of route.
  • §121.162 ETOPS Type Design Approval Basis.
  • §121.163 Aircraft proving tests.

Subpart I--AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE OPERATING LIMITATIONS

  • §121.171 Applicability.
  • §121.173 General.
  • §121.175 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: Weight limitations.
  • §121.177 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: Takeoff limitations.
  • §121.179 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations: All engines operating.
  • §121.181 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: En route limitations: One engine inoperative.
  • §121.183 Part 25 airplanes with four or more engines: Reciprocating engine powered: En route limitations: Two engines inoperative.
  • §121.185 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: Landing limitations: Destination airport.
  • §121.187 Airplanes: Reciprocating engine-powered: Landing limitations: Alternate airport.
  • §121.189 Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: Takeoff limitations.
  • §121.191 Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: En route limitations: One engine inoperative.
  • §121.193 Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: En route limitations: Two engines inoperative.
  • §121.195 Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: Landing limitations: Destination airports.
  • §121.197 Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: Landing limitations: Alternate airports.
  • §121.198 Cargo service airplanes: Increased zero fuel and landing weights.
  • §121.199 Nontransport category airplanes: Takeoff limitations.
  • §121.201 Nontransport category airplanes: En route limitations: One engine inoperative.
  • §121.203 Nontransport category airplanes: Landing limitations: Destination airport.
  • §121.205 Nontransport category airplanes: Landing limitations: Alternate airport.
  • §121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

Subpart J--SPECIAL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS

Subpart K--INSTRUMENT AND EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • §121.301 Applicability.
  • §121.303 Airplane instruments and equipment.
  • §121.305 Flight and navigational equipment.
  • §121.306 Portable electronic devices.
  • §121.307 Engine instruments.
  • §121.308 Lavatory fire protection.
  • §121.309 Emergency equipment.
  • §121.310 Additional emergency equipment.
  • §121.311 Seats, safety belts, and shoulder harnesses.
  • §121.312 Materials for compartment interiors.
  • §121.313 Miscellaneous equipment.
  • §121.314 Cargo and baggage compartments.
  • §121.315 Cockpit check procedure.
  • §121.316 Fuel tanks.
  • §121.317 Passenger information requirements, smoking prohibitions, and additional seat belt requirements.
  • §121.318 Public address system.
  • §121.319 Crewmember interphone system.
  • §121.323 Instruments and equipment for operations at night.
  • §121.325 Instruments and equipment for operations under IFR or over-the-top.
  • §121.327 Supplemental oxygen: Reciprocating engine powered airplanes.
  • §121.329 Supplemental oxygen for sustenance: Turbine engine powered airplanes.
  • §121.331 Supplemental oxygen requirements for pressurized cabin airplanes: Reciprocating engine powered airplanes.
  • §121.333 Supplemental oxygen for emergency descent and for first aid; turbine engine powered airplanes with pressurized cabins.
  • §121.335 Equipment standards.
  • §121.337 Protective breathing equipment.
  • §121.339 Emergency equipment for extended over-water operations.
  • §121.340 Emergency flotation means.
  • §121.341 Equipment for operations in icing conditions.
  • §121.342 Pitot heat indication systems.
  • §121.343 Flight data recorders.
  • §121.344 Digital flight data recorders for transport category airplanes.
  • §121.344a Digital flight data recorders for 10-19 seat airplanes.
  • §121.345 Radio equipment.
  • §121.346 Flight data recorders: filtered data.
  • §121.347 Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.
  • §121.349 Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top.
  • §121.351 Communication and navigation equipment for extended over-water operations and for certain other operations.
  • §121.353 Emergency equipment for operations over uninhabited terrain areas: Flag, supplemental, and certain domestic operations.
  • §121.354 Terrain awareness and warning system.
  • §121.355 Equipment for operations on which specialized means of navigation are used.
  • §121.356 Collision avoidance system.
  • §121.357 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.
  • §121.358 Low-altitude windshear system equipment requirements.
  • §121.359 Cockpit voice recorders.
  • §121.360 [Reserved]

Subpart L--MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, AND ALTERATIONS

  • §121.361 Applicability.
  • §121.363 Responsibility for airworthiness.
  • §121.365 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration organization.
  • §121.367 Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations programs.
  • §121.368 [Reserved]
  • §121.369 Manual requirements.
  • §§121.370-121.370a [Reserved]
  • §121.371 Required inspection personnel.
  • §121.373 Continuing analysis and surveillance.
  • §121.374 Continuous airworthiness maintenance program (CAMP) for two-engine ETOPS.
  • §121.375 Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.
  • §121.377 Maintenance and preventive maintenance personnel duty time limitations.
  • §121.378 Certificate requirements.
  • §121.379 Authority to perform and approve maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alterations.
  • §121.380 Maintenance recording requirements.
  • §121.380a Transfer of maintenance records.

Subpart M--AIRMAN AND CREWMEMBER REQUIREMENTS

  • §121.381 Applicability.
  • §121.383 Airman: Limitations on use of services.
  • §121.385 Composition of flight crew.
  • §121.387 Flight engineer.
  • §121.389 Flight navigator and specialized navigation equipment.
  • §121.391 Flight attendants.
  • §121.393 Crewmember requirements at stops where passengers remain on board.
  • §121.394 Flight attendant requirements during passenger boarding and deplaning.
  • §121.395 Aircraft dispatcher: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.397 Emergency and emergency evacuation duties.

Subpart N--TRAINING PROGRAM

  • §121.400 Applicability and terms used.
  • §121.401 Training program: General.
  • §121.402 Training program: Special rules.
  • §121.403 Training program: Curriculum.
  • §121.404 Compliance dates: Crew and dispatcher resource management training.
  • §121.405 Training program and revision: Initial and final approval.
  • §121.406 Credit for previous CRM/DRM training.
  • §121.407 Training program: Approval of airplane simulators and other training devices.
  • §121.409 Training courses using airplane simulators and other training devices.
  • §121.411 Qualifications: Check airmen (airplane) and check airmen (simulator).
  • §121.412 Qualifications: Flight instructors (airplane) and flight instructors (simulator).
  • §121.413 Initial and transition training and checking requirements: Check airmen (airplane), check airmen (simulator).
  • §121.414 Initial and transition training and checking requirements: flight instructors (airplane), flight instructors (simulator).
  • §121.415 Crewmember and dispatcher training requirements.
  • §121.417 Crewmember emergency training.
  • §121.418 Differences training: Crewmembers and dispatchers.
  • §121.419 Pilots and flight engineers: Initial, transition, and upgrade ground training.
  • §121.420 Flight navigators: Initial and transition ground training.
  • §121.421 Flight attendants: Initial and transition ground training.
  • §121.422 Aircraft dispatchers: Initial and transition ground training.
  • §121.424 Pilots: Initial, transition, and upgrade flight training.
  • §121.425 Flight engineers: Initial and transition flight training.
  • §121.426 Flight navigators: Initial and transition flight training.
  • §121.427 Recurrent training.
  • §121.429 [Reserved]

Subpart O--CREWMEMBER QUALIFICATIONS

  • §121.431 Applicability.
  • §121.432 General.
  • §121.433 Training required.
  • §121.434 Operating experience, operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills.
  • §121.437 Pilot qualification: Certificates required.
  • §121.438 Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirements.
  • §121.439 Pilot qualification: Recent experience.
  • §121.440 Line checks.
  • §121.441 Proficiency checks.
  • §121.443 Pilot in command qualification: Route and airports.
  • §121.445 Pilot in command airport qualification: Special areas and airports.
  • §121.447 [Reserved]
  • §121.453 Flight engineer qualifications.
  • §§121.455-121.459 [Reserved]

Subpart P--AIRCRAFT DISPATCHER QUALIFICATIONS AND DUTY TIME

  • §121.461 Applicability.
  • §121.463 Aircraft dispatcher qualifications.
  • §121.465 Aircraft dispatcher duty time limitations: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.467 Flight attendant duty period limitations and rest requirements: Domestic, flag, and supplemental operations.

Subpart Q--FLIGHT TIME LIMITATIONS AND REST REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC OPERATIONS

  • §121.470 Applicability.
  • §121.471 Flight time limitations and rest requirements: All flight crewmembers.

Subpart R--FLIGHT TIME LIMITATIONS: FLAG OPERATIONS

  • §121.480 Applicability.
  • §121.481 Flight time limitations: One or two pilot crews.
  • §121.483 Flight time limitations: Two pilots and one additional flight crewmember.
  • §121.485 Flight time limitations: Three or more pilots and an additional flight crewmember.
  • §121.487 Flight time limitations: Pilots not regularly assigned.
  • §121.489 Flight time limitations: Other commercial flying.
  • §121.491 Flight time limitations: Deadhead transportation.
  • §121.493 Flight time limitations: Flight engineers and flight navigators.

Subpart S--FLIGHT TIME LIMITATIONS: SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS

  • §121.500 Applicability.
  • §121.503 Flight time limitations: Pilots: airplanes.
  • §121.505 Flight time limitations: Two pilot crews: airplanes.
  • §121.507 Flight time limitations: Three pilot crews: airplanes.
  • §121.509 Flight time limitations: Four pilot crews: airplanes.
  • §121.511 Flight time limitations: Flight engineers: airplanes.
  • §121.513 Flight time limitations: Overseas and international operations: airplanes.
  • §121.515 Flight time limitations: All airmen: airplanes.
  • §121.517 Flight time limitations: Other commercial flying: airplanes.
  • §121.519 Flight time limitations: Deadhead transportation: airplanes.
  • §121.521 Flight time limitations: Crew of two pilots and one additional airman as required.
  • §121.523 Flight time limitations: Crew of three or more pilots and additional airmen as required.
  • §121.525 Flight time limitations: Pilots serving in more than one kind of flight crew.

Subpart T--FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • §121.531 Applicability.
  • §121.533 Responsibility for operational control: Domestic operations.
  • §121.535 Responsibility for operational control: Flag operations.
  • §121.537 Responsibility for operational control: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.538 Aircraft security.
  • §121.539 Operations notices.
  • §121.541 Operations schedules: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.542 Flight crewmember duties.
  • §121.543 Flight crewmembers at controls.
  • §121.545 Manipulation of controls.
  • §121.547 Admission to flight deck.
  • §121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.
  • §121.548a DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credential.
  • §121.549 Flying equipment.
  • §121.550 Secret Service Agents: Admission to flight deck.
  • §121.551 Restriction or suspension of operation: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.553 Restriction or suspension of operation: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.555 Compliance with approved routes and limitations: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.557 Emergencies: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.559 Emergencies: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.561 Reporting potentially hazardous meteorological conditions and irregularities of ground facilities or navigation aids.
  • §121.563 Reporting mechanical irregularities.
  • §121.565 Engine inoperative: Landing; reporting.
  • §121.567 Instrument approach procedures and IFR landing minimums.
  • §121.569 Equipment interchange: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.570 Airplane evacuation capability.
  • §121.571 Briefing passengers before takeoff.
  • §121.573 Briefing passengers: Extended overwater operations.
  • §121.574 Oxygen for medical use by passengers.
  • §121.575 Alcoholic beverages.
  • §121.576 Retention of items of mass in passenger and crew compartments.
  • §121.577 Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.
  • §121.578 Cabin ozone concentration.
  • §121.579 Minimum altitudes for use of autopilot.
  • §121.580 Prohibition on interference with crewmembers.
  • §121.581 Observer's seat: En route inspections.
  • §121.582 Means to discreetly notify a flightcrew.
  • §121.583 Carriage of persons without compliance with the passenger-carrying requirements of this part.
  • §121.584 Requirement to view the area outside the flightdeck door.
  • §121.585 Exit seating.
  • §121.586 Authority to refuse transportation.
  • §121.587 Closing and locking of flightcrew compartment door.
  • §121.589 Carry-on baggage.
  • §121.590 Use of certificated land airports in the United States.

Subpart U--DISPATCHING AND FLIGHT RELEASE RULES

  • §121.591 Applicability.
  • §121.593 Dispatching authority: Domestic operations.
  • §121.595 Dispatching authority: Flag operations.
  • §121.597 Flight release authority: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.599 Familiarity with weather conditions.
  • §121.601 Aircraft dispatcher information to pilot in command: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.603 Facilities and services: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.605 Airplane equipment.
  • §121.607 Communication and navigation facilities: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.609 Communication and navigation facilities: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.611 Dispatch or flight release under VFR.
  • §121.613 Dispatch or flight release under IFR or over the top.
  • §121.615 Dispatch or flight release over water: Flag and supplemental operations.
  • §121.617 Alternate airport for departure.
  • §121.619 Alternate airport for destination: IFR or over-the-top: Domestic operations.
  • §121.621 Alternate airport for destination: Flag operations.
  • §121.623 Alternate airport for destination: IFR or over-the-top: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.624 ETOPS Alternate Airports.
  • §121.625 Alternate Airport weather minima.
  • §121.627 Continuing flight in unsafe conditions.
  • §121.628 Inoperable instruments and equipment.
  • §121.629 Operation in icing conditions.
  • §121.631 Original dispatch or flight release, redispatch or amendment of dispatch or flight release.
  • §121.633 Considering time-limited systems in planning ETOPS alternates.
  • §121.635 Dispatch to and from refueling or provisional airports: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.637 Takeoffs from unlisted and alternate airports: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.639 Fuel supply: All domestic operations.
  • §121.641 Fuel supply: Nonturbine and turbo-propeller-powered airplanes: Flag operations.
  • §121.643 Fuel supply: Nonturbine and turbo-propeller-powered airplanes: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.645 Fuel supply: Turbine-engine powered airplanes, other than turbo propeller: Flag and supplemental operations.
  • §121.646 En-route fuel supply: flag and supplemental operations.
  • §121.647 Factors for computing fuel required.
  • §121.649 Takeoff and landing weather minimums: VFR: Domestic operations.
  • §121.651 Takeoff and landing weather minimums: IFR: All certificate holders.
  • §121.652 Landing weather minimums: IFR: All certificate holders.
  • §121.653 [Reserved]
  • §121.655 Applicability of reported weather minimums.
  • §121.657 Flight altitude rules.
  • §121.659 Initial approach altitude: Domestic and supplemental operations.
  • §121.661 Initial approach altitude: Flag operations.
  • §121.663 Responsibility for dispatch release: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.665 Load manifest.
  • §121.667 Flight plan: VFR and IFR: Supplemental operations.

Subpart V--RECORDS AND REPORTS

  • §121.681 Applicability.
  • §121.683 Crewmember and dispatcher record.
  • §121.685 Aircraft record: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.687 Dispatch release: Flag and domestic operations.
  • §121.689 Flight release form: Supplemental operations.
  • §121.691 [Reserved]
  • §121.693 Load manifest: All certificate holders.
  • §121.695 Disposition of load manifest, dispatch release, and flight plans: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.697 Disposition of load manifest, flight release, and flight plans: Supplemental operations.
  • §§121.698-121.699 [Reserved]
  • §121.701 Maintenance log: Aircraft.
  • §121.703 Service difficulty reports.
  • §121.705 Mechanical interruption summary report.
  • §121.707 Alteration and repair reports.
  • §121.709 Airworthiness release or aircraft log entry.
  • §121.711 Communication records: Domestic and flag operations.
  • §121.713 Retention of contracts and amendments: Commercial operators who conduct intrastate operations for compensation or hire.

Subpart W--CREWMEMBER CERTIFICATE: INTERNATIONAL

Subpart X--EMERGENCY MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AND TRAINING

Subpart Y--ADVANCED QUALIFICATION PROGRAM

  • §121.901 Purpose and eligibility.
  • §121.903 General requirements for Advanced Qualification Programs.
  • §121.905 Confidential commercial information.
  • §121.907 Definitions.
  • §121.909 Approval of Advanced Qualification Program.
  • §121.911 Indoctrination curriculum.
  • §121.913 Qualification curriculum.
  • §121.915 Continuing qualification curriculum.
  • §121.917 Other requirements.
  • §121.919 Certification.
  • §121.921 Training devices and simulators.
  • §121.923 Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who provides training by arrangement.
  • §121.925 Recordkeeping requirements.

Subpart Z--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRAINING PROGRAM

Subpart AA--AIRWORTHINESS AND SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS

Subpart BB--[RESERVED]

  • §§121.1200-121.1399 [Reserved]

Subpart CC--[RESERVED]

  • §§121.1400-121.1499 [Reserved]

Subpart DD--SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS

  • §121.1500 SFAR No. 111--Lavatory Oxygen Systems.
  • Appendix - Appendix A to Part 121 --First Aid Kits and Emergency Medical Kits
  • Appendix - Appendix B to Part 121 --Airplane Flight Recorder Specification
  • Appendix - Appendix C to Part 121 --C-46 Nontransport Category Airplanes
  • Appendix - Appendix D to Part 121 --Criteria for Demonstration of Emergency Evacuation Procedures Under 121.291
  • Appendix - Appendix E to Part 121 --Flight Training Requirements
  • Appendix - Appendix F to Part 121 --Proficiency Check Requirements
  • Appendix - Appendix G to Part 121 --Doppler Radar and Inertial Navigation System (INS): Request for Evaluation; Equipment and Equipment Installation; Training Program; Equipment Accuracy and Reliability; Evaluation Program
  • Appendix - Appendix H to Part 121 --Advanced Simulation
  • Appendix - Appendices I -J to Part 121--[Reserved]
  • Appendix - Appendix K to Part 121 --Performance Requirements for Certain Turbopropeller Powered Airplanes

Appendix - Appendix L to Part 121 --Type Certification Regulations Made Previously Effective

  • Appendix - Appendix M to Part 121 --Airplane Flight Recorder Specifications
  • Appendix - Appendix N to Part 121 --[Reserved]
  • Appendix - Appendix O to Part 121 --Hazardous Materials Training Requirements For Certificate Holders
  • Appendix - Appendix P to Part 121 --Requirements for ETOPS and Polar Operations
Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations - FARs - Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs)
§25§43§61§71§91§99§119 * §121§135