AIM 4

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Aeronautical Information Manual

Chapter 4. Air Traffic Control

Section 1. Services Available to Pilots

  • 4-1-1. Air Route Traffic Control Centers
  • 4-1-2. Control Towers
  • 4-1-3. Flight Service Stations
  • 4-1-4. Recording and Monitoring
  • 4-1-5. Communications Release of IFR Aircraft Landing at an Airport Without an Operating Control Tower
  • 4-1-6. Pilot Visits to Air Traffic Facilities
  • 4-1-7. Operation Take-off and Operation Raincheck
  • 4-1-8. Approach Control Service for VFR Arriving Aircraft
  • 4-1-9. Traffic Advisory Practices at Airports Without Operating Control Towers
  • 4-1-10. IFR Approaches/Ground Vehicle Operations
  • 4-1-11. Designated UNICOM/MULTICOM Frequencies
  • 4-1-12. Use of UNICOM for ATC Purposes
  • 4-1-13. Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS)
  • 4-1-14. Automatic Flight Information Service (AFIS) - Alaska FSSs Only
  • 4-1-15. Radar Traffic Information Service
  • 4-1-16. Safety Alert
  • 4-1-17. Radar Assistance to VFR Aircraft
  • 4-1-18. Terminal Radar Services for VFR Aircraft
  • 4-1-19. Tower En Route Control (TEC)
  • 4-1-20. Transponder Operation
  • 4-1-21. Hazardous Area Reporting Service
  • 4-1-22. Airport Reservation Operations and Special Traffic Management Programs
  • 4-1-23. Requests for Waivers and Authorizations from Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR)
  • 4-1-24. Weather System Processor

Section 2. Radio Communications Phraseology and Techniques

  • 4-2-1. General
  • 4-2-2. Radio Technique
  • 4-2-8. Figures
  • 4-2-3. Contact Procedures
  • 4-2-4. Aircraft Call Signs
  • 4-2-5. Description of Interchange or Leased Aircraft
  • 4-2-6. Ground Station Call Signs
  • 4-2-7. Phonetic Alphabet
  • 4-2-8. Figures
  • 4-2-9. Altitudes and Flight Levels
  • 4-2-10. Directions
  • 4-2-11. Speeds
  • 4-2-12. Time
  • 4-2-13. Communications with Tower when Aircraft Transmitter or Receiver or Both are Inoperative
  • 4-2-14. Communications for VFR Flights

Section 3. Airport Operations

  • 4-3-1. General
  • 4-3-2. Airports with an Operating Control Tower
  • 4-3-3. Traffic Patterns
  • 4-3-4. Visual Indicators at Airports Without an Operating Control Tower
  • 4-3-5. Unexpected Maneuvers in the Airport Traffic Pattern
  • 4-3-6. Use of Runways/Declared Distances
  • 4-3-7. Low Level Wind Shear/Microburst Detection Systems
  • 4-3-8. Braking Action Reports and Advisories
  • 4-3-9. Runway Friction Reports and Advisories
  • 4-3-10. Intersection Takeoffs
  • 4-3-11. Pilot Responsibilities When Conducting Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO)
  • 4-3-12. Low Approach
  • 4-3-13. Traffic Control Light Signals
  • 4-3-14. Communications
  • 4-3-15. Gate Holding Due to Departure Delays
  • 4-3-16. VFR Flights in Terminal Areas
  • 4-3-17. VFR Helicopter Operations at Controlled Airports
  • 4-3-18. Taxiing
  • 4-3-19. Taxi During Low Visibility
  • 4-3-20. Exiting the Runway After Landing
  • 4-3-21. Practice Instrument Approaches
  • 4-3-22. Option Approach
  • 4-3-23. Use of Aircraft Lights
  • 4-3-24. Flight Inspection/`Flight Check' Aircraft in Terminal Areas
  • 4-3-25. Hand Signals
  • 4-3-26. Operations at Uncontrolled Airports With Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS)/Automated Weather Sensor System (AWSS)/Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS)

Section 4. ATC Clearances and Aircraft Separation

  • 4-4-1. Clearance
  • 4-4-2. Clearance Prefix
  • 4-4-3. Clearance Items
  • 4-4-4. Amended Clearances
  • 4-4-5. Coded Departure Route (CDR)
  • 4-4-6. Special VFR Clearances
  • 4-4-7. Pilot Responsibility upon Clearance Issuance
  • 4-4-8. IFR Clearance VFR-on-top
  • 4-4-9. VFR/IFR Flights
  • 4-4-10. Adherence to Clearance
  • 4-4-11. IFR Separation Standards
  • 4-4-12. Speed Adjustments
  • 4-4-13. Runway Separation
  • 4-4-14. Visual Separation
  • 4-4-15. Use of Visual Clearing Procedures
  • 4-4-16. Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS I & II)
  • 4-4-17. Traffic Information Service (TIS)

Section 5. Surveillance Systems

  • 4-5-1. Radar
  • 4-5-2. Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System (ATCRBS)
  • AIM 4-5-34-5-3. Surveillance Radar
  • 4-5-4. Precision Approach Radar (PAR)
  • 4-5-5. Airport Surface Detection Equipment - Model X (ASDE-X)
  • 4-5-6. Traffic Information Service (TIS)
  • 4-5-7. Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Services
  • 4-5-8. Traffic Information Service-Broadcast (TIS-B)
  • 4-5-9. Flight Information Service-Broadcast (FIS-B)
  • 4-5-10. Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast (ADS-R)

Section 6. Operational Policy/Procedures for Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) in the Domestic U.S., Alaska, Offshore Airspace and the San Juan FIR

  • 4-6-1. Applicability and RVSM Mandate (Date/Time and Area)
  • 4-6-2. Flight Level Orientation Scheme
  • 4-6-3. Aircraft and Operator Approval Policy/Procedures, RVSM Monitoring and Databases for Aircraft and Operator Approval
  • 4-6-4. Flight Planning into RVSM Airspace
  • 4-6-5. Pilot RVSM Operating Practices and Procedures
  • 4-6-6. Guidance on Severe Turbulence and Mountain Wave Activity (MWA)
  • 4-6-7. Guidance on Wake Turbulence
  • 4-6-8. Pilot/Controller Phraseology
  • 4-6-9. Contingency Actions: Weather Encounters and Aircraft System Failures
  • 4-6-10. Procedures for Accommodation of Non-RVSM Aircraft
  • 4-6-11. Non-RVSM Aircraft Requesting Climb to and Descent from Flight Levels Above RVSM Airspace Without Intermediate Level Off
Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)
Chapter 1 - Chapter 2 - Chapter 3 - Chapter 4 - Chapter 5 - Chapter 6 - Chapter 7 - Chapter 8 - Chapter 9 - Chapter 10