§91.107

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§ 91.107 Use of safety belts, shoulder harnesses, and child restraint systems.

(a) Unless otherwise authorized by the Administrator—

(1) No pilot may take off a U.S.-registered civil aircraft (except a free balloon that incorporates a basket or gondola, or an airship type certificated before November 2, 1987) unless the pilot in command of that aircraft ensures that each person on board is briefed on how to fasten and unfasten that person's safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness.
(2) No pilot may cause to be moved on the surface, take off, or land a U.S.-registered civil aircraft (except a free balloon that incorporates a basket or gondola, or an airship type certificated before November 2, 1987) unless the pilot in command of that aircraft ensures that each person on board has been notified to fasten his or her safety belt and, if installed, his or her shoulder harness.
(3) Except as provided in this paragraph, each person on board a U.S.-registered civil aircraft (except a free balloon that incorporates a basket or gondola or an airship type certificated before November 2, 1987) must occupy an approved seat or berth with a safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness, properly secured about him or her during movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing. For seaplane and float equipped rotorcraft operations during movement on the surface, the person pushing off the seaplane or rotorcraft from the dock and the person mooring the seaplane or rotorcraft at the dock are excepted from the preceding seating and safety belt requirements. Notwithstanding the preceding requirements of this paragraph, a person may:
(i) Be held by an adult who is occupying an approved seat or berth, provided that the person being held has not reached his or her second birthday and does not occupy or use any restraining device;
(ii) Use the floor of the aircraft as a seat, provided that the person is on board for the purpose of engaging in sport parachuting; or
(iii) Notwithstanding any other requirement of this chapter, occupy an approved child restraint system furnished by the operator or one of the persons described in paragraph (a)(3)(iii)(A) of this section provided that:
(A) The child is accompanied by a parent, guardian, or attendant designated by the child's parent or guardian to attend to the safety of the child during the flight;
(B) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(3)(iii)(B)( 4 ) of this action, the approved child restraint system bears one or more labels as follows:
( 1 ) Seats manufactured to U.S. standards between January 1, 1981, and February 25, 1985, must bear the label: “This child restraint system conforms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards”;
( 2 ) Seats manufactured to U.S. standards on or after February 26, 1985, must bear two labels:
( i ) “This child restraint system conforms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards”; and
( ii ) “THIS RESTRAINT IS CERTIFIED FOR USE IN MOTOR VEHICLES AND AIRCRAFT” in red lettering;
( 3 ) Seats that do not qualify under paragraphs (a)(3)(iii)(B)( 1 ) and (a)(3)(iii)(B)( 2 ) of this section must bear a label or markings showing:
( i ) That the seat was approved by a foreign government;
( ii ) That the seat was manufactured under the standards of the United Nations; or
( iii ) That the seat or child restraint device furnished by the operator was approved by the FAA through Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate.
( iv ) That the seat or child restraint device furnished by the operator, or one of the persons described in paragraph (a)(3)(iii)(A) of this section, was approved by the FAA in accordance with §21.8 or Technical Standard Order C–100b, or a later version.
( 4 ) Except as provided in §91.107(a)(3)(iii)(B)( 3 )( iii ) and §91.107(a)(3)(iii)(B)( 3 )( iv ), booster-type child restraint systems (as defined in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 213 (49 CFR 571.213)), vest- and harness-type child restraint systems, and lap held child restraints are not approved for use in aircraft; and
(C) The operator complies with the following requirements:
( 1 ) The restraint system must be properly secured to an approved forward-facing seat or berth;
( 2 ) The child must be properly secured in the restraint system and must not exceed the specified weight limit for the restraint system; and
( 3 ) The restraint system must bear the appropriate label(s).

(b) Unless otherwise stated, this section does not apply to operations conducted under part 121, 125, or 135 of this chapter. Paragraph (a)(3) of this section does not apply to persons subject to §91.105.

Part §91 Subpart B — Flight Rules
§91.101 Applicability • §91.103 Preflight • §91.105 Crewmembers at stations • §91.107 Seatbelts • §91.109 Flight instruction • §91.111 Near other aircraft
§91.113 Right-of-way • §91.115 Right-of-way on water • §91.117 Speed Limits • §91.119 Minimum altitudes • §91.121 Altimeter • §91.123 ATC instructions • §91.125 Light signals
§91.126 Class G • §91.127 Class E • §91.129 Class D • §91.130 Class C • §91.131 Class B • §91.133 Restricted areas • §91.135 Class A
§91.137 TFRs • §91.138 Hawaiian TFRs • §91.139 Emergency traffic • §91.141 Presidential TFRs • §91.143 Space ops • §91.144 High barometric pressure
§91.145 Air shows & and sporting events • §91.146 Charity flights • §91.147 Paying-passenger flights
§91.151 VFR Fuel reserves • §91.153 VFR flight plans • §91.155 VFR weather minimums • §91.157 Special VFR • §91.159 VFR cruising altitude • §91.161 DC ADIZ
§91.167 IFR Fuel reserves • §91.169 IFR flight plans • §91.171 VOR test • §91.173 ATC clearances • §91.175 IFR Takeoffs and landing
§91.177 IFR Minimum altitudes • §91.179 IFR cruising altitudes • §91.180 RVSM • §91.181 Course flown • §91.183 IFR comm. • §91.185 IFR radio failure
§91.187 Malfunctions in IFR • §91.189 Cat II & III ops. • §91.191 Cat II & III manual • §91.193 Certain Cat II ops.